Bir mama-ginekoloqa ən çox verilən 10 sual
1. What problems do patients most often address to you?
Most of the reasons for patients' referrals are menstrual cycle, hormonal disorders, infectious-inflammatory diseases of the genital system, as well as frequent referrals for family planning, which includes the selection of contraceptive methods, preparation for pregnancy. Scheduled adjustments are also common, which include a routine visit to a gynecologist for a prophylactic checkup.
2. What can be the causes of menstrual problems?
Menstrual cycle disorders include deviations from various types of norms. In particular, menorrhagia - excessive menstruation which can be caused by uterine fibroids, endometriosis, uterine polyps, intrauterine device - so-called. IUD, dysfunctional bleeding from the uterus, as well as disorders of the blood clotting system, thyroid pathologies, etc. In addition, there is oligomenorrhea or reduced menstruation, polymenorrhea - frequent menstruation and obsomenorrhea - infrequent menstruation. They can be caused by various hormonal disorders.
3. What does white slag mean to us?
The so-called White discharge or abnormal discharge from the vagina indicates the presence of an infection of the genital system and requires timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment of the causative agent of the pathology.
4. Burning in the urine, what does this symptom indicate and what complications may follow.
Burning and pain when urinating predominantly indicate the presence of infectious-inflammatory disease of the urinary system. This pathology has the ability to spread the infection ascending from the bladder and may be complicated by inflammatory diseases of the kidneys.
5. What is a Pap test?
Pap test is a screening method of cervical cytological examination that allows us to detect cervical cancer and cervical cancer at an early stage.
6. What can we determine by colposcopy?
Colposcopy is an examination of the vaginal walls and cervical part of the cervix using a special optical system that allows us to accurately diagnose cervical pathologies at an early stage and plan ways to treat it.
7. What about vaginismus?
Vaginismus is a pathological condition when involuntary reflex contractions of the vaginal entrance muscles are observed which make sexual intercourse impossible.
8. At what age is menopause the norm and how to distinguish it from menopause?
Menopause or climacteric period is considered to be the norm from 46 to 55 years and it is a process when there is a gradual decline and disappearance of the function of the female ovaries, which is accompanied by a number of changes in the human body. Menopause often causes various complaints in the nervous system, as well as vasomotor, cardiovascular, genital, urinary, etc. Hand. These symptoms combine under climacteric syndrome which requires appropriate treatment.
9. What can you tell us about uterine myoma, how often it is found in patients
Uterine myoma is the most common benign hormone-dependent tumor of the uterus that develops from the muscular layer of the uterus. It causes complaints such as prolonged excessive menstruation which may also cause anemia in women, pain and discomfort in the small pelvis, problems with urination and defecation, infertility, routine termination of pregnancy, increase in belly size, painful sexual intercourse, etc. Uterine myoma is found in various data from 30 to 70 percent - in the population of women of reproductive age.
10. What can you tell us about the papilloma virus and how dangerous it is?
There are more than 200 types of human papillomavirus, and more than 30 of these have caused genital warts. There are types of high oncogenicity and low oncogenicity.The types of high oncogenicity cause cancer of the cervix, vagina, vulva in women and cancer of both sexes of the rectum. Low oncogenic types cause mild cervical dysplasia and anogenital warts. For timely detection of precancerous pathologies of the cervix, it is necessary to conduct a routine Pap test and colposcopy once a year.